Pathological Cyst

Pathological cysts are areas of bone destruction filled with pathological fluid and usually surrounded by a wall with characteristics. These cysts are primarily pathological and occasionally congenital. The most crucial causing factor is dental infections that typically begin with simple tooth decay, which, if left without treatment, develops into a larger cavity and might end up with nerve damage and the formation of a bacterial colony at the ending portion of the tooth root.

Pathological cysts are usually active. If they are not detected or left untreated, they develop and grow at the expense of the surrounding jaw bones. In some cases, they reach relatively large sizes. At this stage, the patient begins complaining of pain and swelling.

The only treatment for cysts is surgical removal. The lost jawbone usually recovers through normal bone regeneration or bone grafting procedures.

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