Gum Diseases

Gum disease is the inflammation and infection of the tissues supporting the teeth caused by harmful bacteria within dental plaque and tartar that forms on the surfaces of the teeth. To prevent and treat gum disease, you must make sure that you remove all these bacterial deposits daily. Such an aim is done through effective daily flossing and brushing.

There are two primary forms of gum disease called gingivitis and periodontal disease. Gingivitis is inflammation of the gums, and as a result, they become red, swollen, and readily bleed upon brushing. Long-standing gingivitis and inflammation can turn into periodontal disease, where the bone anchoring the teeth in the jaw is lost, and the teeth become loose. If this is not treated, the teeth may eventually fall out.

Am I likely to suffer from gum disease?

Most people suffer from gum disease, the primary cause of tooth loss in adults. Fortunately, the majority will only suffer from mild forms of gingivitis. However, certain patients, particularly those with a family predisposition or malfunctioning immune system, might suffer from more advanced disease forms with signs of accelerated and aggressive bone destruction. This destruction is not predictable and can occur sporadically. Smoking, a stressful lifestyle, poorly controlled diabetes, and ineffective teeth cleaning are the main factors associated with advanced disease.

How do I prevent Gum Disease?

Gum disease is not curable, but it is preventable and controllable. As we cannot usually feel or notice the onset of gum disease, adults and children should be checked for gum disease as part of their routine dental check-ups with one of our dentists. To prevent gum disease and control existing illness, you should carry out daily brushing and flossing and see the hygienist regularly. Remember, healthy gums do not bleed.

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